#5 2020


Topic of the issue: Lubricants


УДК 621.43:621

DOI: 10.32758/2071-5951-2020-0-5-6-18

Tsvetkov O. N., Maksimov A. L. (Topchievs Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis RAS) E-mail: tsvetkov@ips.ac.ru

Development  trends of lubricants in Russia


Keywords: base oils, additives, lubricating oils, greases, lubricants, oil science.


A brief overview of the state of Russian base oils, additives and lubricants production against the background of the world shows a noticeable progress during the passing decade in the development of new technologies of base oils and lubricants and connects it with the global trend of improving the environmental and economic characteristics of lubricated machines and equipment. During the decade, two oil units with the I-th group of petroleum base oils were decommissioned, at the same time two plants established the production of hydrocracking oils of II and III groups, organized the production of synthetic esters of pentaerythritol and perfluoropolyesters. New motor, transmission, hydraulic, gas turbine, industrial and energy oils have been developed, most of which are marketized. The main trends in the further development of lubricants in Russia are the continuation of the creation of basic oil production units of groups II and III, the commissioning of PAOM production, the expansion of the range and raw material infrastructure of synthetic oils and additives, the rise of the quality of finished lubricants to the international level. Development trends of lubricants in Russia.



Noria Co.

How effective is your lubrication program?



Rajesh J.Shah, Koehler Instruments Company

Novikov E.A., Russian State University of Oil and Gas named after I. M. Gubkin.

Tribology as an intrinsic part of ecology



УДК 621.43:621.892


Zolotov V.A.

FAE «The 25th State Research Institute of Himmotology of Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation»

Environmental aspects of the use of lubricating oils and alternative energy sources on the way to improve transport sector of the world economy

Keywords: transport, electric vehicle, toxicity, fuel economy, automotive engine oils, lubricants, oil viscosity, engine.

Abstract. The article presents some features of new technologies in the field of improving transport and its inherent environmental aspects of the use of lubricating oils and alternative energy sources in modern conditions of development of the global economy. Transport enjoys a predominant share in the consumption of lubricants in the world market and in fact about 57 % of the world production volume is used in this sector of the economy.



Greg Livingstone

Yo Ameyi

Brian Thompson

Fluitec International

Rethinking strategies for assessing the operating condition of modern turbine oils



Alkov I.D.

St. Petersburg International Mercantile Exchange (SPIMEX)

Key fuel indicator. How is the exchange trading of petroleum products set up

In the world of petroleum products, the issues of price are extremely important, namely, at what price the goods are sold and bought, where and how the trading process takes place, which indicators to focus on, how the market is regulated. For 12 years in Russia, the main platform for organized wholesale trade in petroleum products has been the St. Petersburg International Commodity and Raw Materials Exchange (SPIMEX). Today, every fifth ton of fuel produced in the country is sold here — a highly liquid market has been created. In this article, we will tell you in detail how the exchange trading floor works, where sellers and buyers meet, and how the price is formed.



Smirnov K. Yu.

Antonov A.E.

Smirnov S.G.

LLC «MIC fuels and lubricants»

Lubricant Monitoring — What? Where? When?



УДК 665.7.03

DOI: 10.32758/2071-5951-2020-0-5-45-49

Radchenko L. A.

Morshanskaya Yu. A.

Beskova A. V.

Zhumlyakova M. A.

Tyschenko V. A.

JSC «Middle Volga Oil Refining Research Institute» (JSC «MidVolgaNIINP»)

Studies on the selection of domestic viscosity additives for multi-grade hydraulic oils HVLP

 Кеуwords: viscosity additives, multi-grade hydraulic oils HVLP, destruction of polymer.

Abstract: At the present time, imported viscosity additives purchased abroad are used to produce premium multi-grade hydraulic oils in Russia. The high technology production such oils is entirely dependent on the import of these additives. At the JSC «MidVolgaNIINP» conducted research on the development and selection of domestic viscosity additives is not inferior to foreign analogues in the composition of hydraulic oils of the HVLP.

For select the domestic viscous additive of optimal quality were studied three laboratory samples of polyalkyl methacrylate additives in physicochemical and operational properties in base oil. The results obtained were selected a domestic viscosity additive with a narrow molecular-mass distribution (2.19 Р) and a minimal weighted average molecular weight (34983 Da) that allows hydraulic oils to meet the requirements DIN 51524-3 and OEM. Studies had found that the quality of thickened oils is affected by the content viscous additive. The optimal contents of domestic additives for obtaining oils of viscosity levels ISO VG 32 and ISO VG 46 have been determined. The results are used in further research on the development of multi-grade hydraulic oils HVLP.



УДК 665.767:621.22

DOI: 10.32758/2071-5951-2020-0-5-50-53

Tyschenko V. A. 1

Shabalina T. N. 2

Sheykina N. A. 1,

Volgin S. N. 3,

Gavrilova I. A. 1,

Sheykina M. A. 4

1 Joint Stock Company «Middle Volga Oil Refining Research Institute» (JSC «MidVolgaNIINP»)

2 Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University)

3 FAE «The 25th State Research Institute of Himmotology of Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation»

4 Samara State Technical University

Hydraulic oils production technologies development for rocket and space technology control systems

Keyword:  low-viscosity hydraulic oils, hydrogenation processes, rocket and space technology, warranty periods of storage and operation.


JSC «MidVolgaNIINP» developed non-aromatic, low-viscosity special purpose hydraulic oil MG-7-B, MG-10-B to replace previously produced oils RM and RMC (GOST 15819-85), established technologies including hydrotreating processes for commercial production.



УДК 665.7

DOI: 10.32758/2071-5951-2020-0-5-54-59

Grishin N.N.

Sereda V.V.

FAE «The 25th State Research Institute of Himmotology of Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation»

Basic Theoretical Thesises of Chemmotology

Keywords: chemmotology, theoretical thesises of chemmotology, evolution of theoretical chemmotological framework.

Abstract. Toward the end of the 20th century fundamental theories of oxidation, combustion, friction, deterioration, corrosion and others were adapted to chemmotology systems: proposed an oscillatory-homogenous theory of the formation of free radicals in hydrocarbonated nature; demonstrated unsuitability of “physical” model of combustion for a description of working processes of engines; worked out a theory of boundary processes of grease and friction as applied with conjugate  details; worked out the general patterns of tribochemical reactions in lubricant nature ; developed the basis of theory of physico-chemical mechanics of pseudocolloidal systems. At the present moment established the general patterns of the effect of quality of combustion and composition of fuel during the period of delay of ignition, speed and volume of burning of hydrocarbons ; worked out a concept of quasiciliary formation of fuels, defining their condition of metastable state; proposed mechanism of abnormally —  fast internally flaming gasification of dispersing carbohydrate ; worked out an electro-kinetical model of quality state of engine oils in static and dynamic conditions and many others . Introduction of relevant theoretical basis will provide quantitative description of chemotological processes.



УДК 628.3

DOI: 10.32758/2071-5951-2020-0-5-60-64

Rybakov Y.N.

Danilov V.E.

Danilov I.V.

Federal Autonomous Enterprise «The 25th State Research Institute for Himmotology of Ministry of Defence of Russian Federation»

Equipment Identifying Vapor Leakages and Recovery of Petroleum Product Vapor When Stored

Keywords: ecology of petroleum product supply facilities, petroleum products leakage, petroleum vapor recovery, automated leakage identification system.

Abstract. The problem of losses of oil products from leaks during their storage and transportation at oil supply facilities is considered. The influence of oil product leaks on the environmental situation around oil depots and gas stations is shown. A detailed overview of existing methods and tools for detecting leaks of petroleum products from storage facilities is presented. The evaluation of their effectiveness. Two methods for detecting oil leaks and devices based on them are proposed. The first device monitors the movement of liquid in the tank, the second-detects petroleum products in wastewater. The problem of recovery of petroleum vapors and environmental pollution from the release of vapors of light fractions into the atmosphere is also considered. An overview of existing methods and means of recovery of petroleum vapors is presented. Two methods and devices for capturing oil vapors and returning them to the reservoir are proposed, based on different principles: vapor absorption in the cooled oil product and vapor recovery on the principle of the Carnot cycle. It is shown that these devices can provide effective detection of oil leaks and recovery of their vapors, as well as improve the effectiveness of environmental protection at modern gas stations and tank farms.