Rybakov Y.N., Danilov V.E., Danilov I.V.
(Federal Autonomous Enterprise «The 25th State Research Institute for Himmotology of Ministry of Defence of Russian Federation») E-mail: Ribakov61@yandex.ru
Устройства обнаружения утечек и рекуперации паров нефтепродуктов при их хранении
Keywords: ecology of petroleum product supply facilities, petroleum products leakage, petroleum vapor recovery, automated leakage identification system.
The problem of losses of oil products from leaks during their storage and transportation at oil supply facilities is considered. The influence of oil product leaks on the environmental situation around oil depots and gas stations is shown. A detailed overview of existing methods and tools for detecting leaks of petroleum products from storage facilities is presented. The evaluation of their effectiveness. Two methods for detecting oil leaks and devices based on them are proposed. The first device monitors the movement of liquid in the tank, the second-detects petroleum products in wastewater. The problem of recovery of petroleum vapors and environmental pollution from the release of vapors of light fractions into the atmosphere is also considered. An overview of existing methods and means of recovery of petroleum vapors is presented. Two methods and devices for capturing oil vapors and returning them to the reservoir are proposed, based on different principles: vapor absorption in the cooled oil product and vapor recovery on the principle of the Carnot cycle. It is shown that these devices can provide effective detection of oil leaks and recovery of their vapors, as well as improve the effectiveness of environmental protection at modern gas stations and tank farms.
1. Rybakov U.N., Larionov S.V., Chirikov C.I. Environmental safety assessment of temporary oil storage facilities based on elastic tanks / //Science and technoiogy of pipeline transportation of oil and petroleum products — 2016 — №2 – 96 p.
2. Danilov B.F., Martcev U.P., Kuznetcov A.C., Konctantinov I.V. Analysis and substantiation of promising methods of recovery of petroleum product vapors from storage facilities. Report on research work. Register №1604621. – Ulyanovsk: UHTMS, 2007.-74p.
3. Aleksandrov A.A., Arkharov I.A., Emelyanov V.U. Money to burn. Review of existing petroleum vapors recovery systems [Electronic resource]. — URL: http://pandia.ru/text/77/28/96776.php (Date of the address: 19.04.2015).
4. Molchanov O.V., Danilov V.F. Development of a system for automated monitoring of environmental pollution in fuel depots and bases. Final report on research work. – Ulyanovsk: UHTMS, 1995.-97p.
5. Molchanov O.V., Danilov V.F., Larichev V.I., Shirokov A.L., Litvinenko A.I., Kabanov V.I., Gudgavin G.G., Alatortcev E.I. Patent № 2083971 Russian Federation. MPK C16G01N21/85. Method for determination of petroleum products content in water. Request №94038621 14.10.1994. Registered in the State Register of inventions 10.07.1997. Applicant and patent holder UHTMS.
6. Molchanov O.V., Danilov V.F., Kabanov V.I., Mikov S.N., Gudgavin G.G., Litvinenko A.N., Belohvostov F.V. Patent № 2083972. Russian Federation. MPK C16G01N21/85. Device for indication of waste water contamination with oil products / Request №95106866 28.04.1995. Registered in the State Register of inventions 10.07.1997. Applicant and patent holder UHTMS.
7. Litvinenko A.N. Chemical science of petroleum products and technical liquids. Past 2. Development of technologies and elimination of emergency oil spills: Electronic manual. — Ulyanovsk: USPU, USC «Noospheric knowledge and technologies» RANS, 2012. – 354 с.
8. Danilov V.F., Martcev U.P., Kuznetcov A.S., Sheptalov V.K. Utility model patent № 65494 Russian Federation, MPK C10G5/06 Petroleum vapors recovery device. / Request №2006128755/22 от 07.08.2006 / Applicant and patent holder UHTMS, publish 10.08.2007. Bulletin №13.
9. Savelyev A.V., Danilov V.F., Kunnap R.I. Technical aspects of reduction of natural loss of petroleum products during storage in the tank farm / // Works of the 25th State Research institute of the Ministry of Defense of Russia. – 2014. –№56. – P. 396–399. ISSN 2313-7037.